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Darwin Descent of Man summary

Darwin spells out in his introduction his three-fold purpose. He will first consider whether man, like all other species, is descended from an earlier form. Then he will discuss the way man has.. Summary Chapter 1: The Evidence of the Descent of Man from Some Lower Form Darwin begins this chapter by asking whether humankind differs from animals in body and brain, suggesting that they do but only by degrees. He catalogs many of the common structural and internal organ features of humans and animals, as well as differences, including parts that became useless to humans through evolution In The Descent of Man, Charles Darwin expands on his theories of natural selection, which he first articulated in On the Origin of Species. Darwin wrote this book to explore the following three.. Appearing 12 years after his On the Origin of Species (1859), The Descent of Man is Darwin 's continued examination of his theory of evolution, benefiting from copious amounts of additional research and data published by other scientists inspired by On the Origin of Species

Darwin closes this chapter with a brief summary of the most significant points from both Chapters 3 and 4: The difference between the lowest man and the highest animal is immense. The difference between humans and the highest animals is great but measured by degrees Darwin's General Summary and Conclusions of the Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex In the General Summary and Conclusions of The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex, Charles Darwin argues that man is not the work of a separate act of creation. Rather, he believes tha

The Descent of Man Summary - eNotes

The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex is a book by English naturalist Charles Darwin, first published in 1871, which applies evolutionary theory to human evolution, and details his theory of sexual selection, a form of biological adaptation distinct from, yet interconnected with, natural selection Study Guide for The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex. The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex study guide contains a biography of Charles Darwin, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. About The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Se The Descent of Man, Chapter 7: On the Races of Man. Charles Darwin. View All Credits. 1 1. CHAPTER VII. ON THE RACES OF MAN. The nature and value of specific characters—Application to the. Summary As we have seen, the Origin hinted at man's inclusion in Darwin's evolutionary theory, and both critics and supporters were not slow to seize on the hint. But Darwin waited until 1871 to make public his views on the matter. He had in a sense been anticipated by the publications of his friends Huxley and Lyell The Descent of Man . BY . Charles Darwin . Introduction . Chapter 1 . Chapter 2 . Chapter 3 . Chapter 4 . Chapter 5 . Chapter 6 . Chapter 7 . Chapter 8 . Chapter 9 . Chapter 10 . Chapter 11 . Chapter 12 . Chapter 13 . Chapter 14 . Chapter 15 . Chapter 16 . Chapter 17 . Chapter 18 . Chapter 19 . Chapter 20 . General Summary and Conclusion.

by. Charles Darwin. 4.05 · Rating details · 3,884 ratings · 125 reviews. Applying his controversial theory of evolution to the origins of the human species, Charles Darwin's The Descent of Man was the culmination of his life's work. This Penguin Classics edition is edited with an introduction by James Moore and Adrian Desmond RECORD: Darwin, C. R. 1871. The descent of man, and selection in relation to sex.London: John Murray. Volume 1. 1st edition. REVISION HISTORY: Scanned by John van Wyhe 1.2006; transcribed (double key) by AEL Data 4.2006, corrections by van Wyhe 2.2011, 2.2014. RN7. NOTE: See R. B. Freeman's bibliographical introduction. The copy scanned was kindly provided by The Balfour and Newton Libraries. The Descent of Man G. Schwalbe; Essays in Commemoration of the Centenary of the Birth of Charles Darwin and of the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Publication of The Origin of Species; Published online: 07 September 201

The Descent of Man Plot Summary Course Her

The Descent of Man, 1871 Charles Darwin (1809-1882), an English biologist was one of a number of scientists considering theories of evolution. He published On the Origin of Species, in 1859 and set forth his theory that animals evolved through variation and natural selection of those most fit to survive in particular environments We've got you covered. These easy recipes are all you need for making a delicious meal. Find the Darwin The Descent Of Man, including hundreds of ways to cook meals to eat. Take home the crown! Video about Darwin The Descent Of Man. Follow to get the latest 2021 recipes, articles and more! Charles Darwin The Descent Of Man Summary; Darwin The. Charles Darwin When the The Origin of Species was published, Darwin carefully sent copies to all of the scientific leaders of his day, both those he thought would hate the book and those he hoped would love it. In all of his accompanying letters he was extremely self-effacing

Charles Darwin's The Descent of Man Summary - Video

  1. The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex Charles Darwin • Preface to the Second Edition • Introduction • CHAPTER I. THE EVIDENCE OF THE DESCENT OF MAN FROM SOME LOWER FORM • CHAPTER II. ON THE MANNER OF DEVELOPMENT OF MAN FROM SOME LOWER FORM • CHAPTER III. COMPARISON OF THE MENTAL POWERS OF MAN AND THE LOWER ANIMALS.
  2. This year marks the 150 th anniversary of The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex. In this particular book, Charles Darwin addressed the questions he raised about human beings in his earlier book On the Origin of Species, specifically whether man, like every other species, is descended from some pre-existing form..
  3. The task of Descent of Man is to show that humans are descended from lower forms and have their place in the tree of life just as Darwin did for animals and plants in The Origin of Species.Furthermore, that the mechanism that produced humans is heritable variation and natural selection. In this review I focus on chapter III (Moral Sense) and chapter V (Intellectual and moral faculties of man)
  4. Descent of Man [ 1871] Charles Darwin [ 1809 - 1882 ]. Part One: Descent or Origin of Man Chapter I - The Evidence of the Descent of Man from some Lower Form HE WHO wishes to decide whether man is the modified descendant of some pre-existing form, would probably first enquire whether man varies, however slightly, in bodily structure and in mental faculties; and if so, whether the variations.

This book contains a wealth of facts, compiled during Darwin's life on matters which were highly controversial at the time. His prior book, Origin of Species, provided the scientific framework for thinking that mankind might, in some way, be a descent from the animal kingdom 1471 The Descent of Man — Chapter XX: Secondary Sexual Characters of Man (Continued) Charles Darwin. . CHAPTER XX. Secondary Sexual Characters of Man — continued . On the effects of the continued selection of women according to a different standard of beauty in each race—On the causes which interfere with sexual selection in civilised and. Browse new releases, best sellers or classics & find your next favourite book. Huge selection of books in all genres. Free UK delivery on eligible order Get an answer for 'The Descent of Man charles darwin descent of a man comment on this topic explaining it with summary of the topic' and find homework help for other Charles Darwin questions at eNote

Study Guide for The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex. The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex study guide contains a biography of Charles Darwin, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis For the second time, with Descent, Darwin's work had to be provoked into the public arena and it was the same man, Alfred Russel Wallace, who performed this service again in 1864. Wallace confronted the reactionary Anthropological Society in London, where he talked about the production and the cooperation of labour, the survival, not of the. Charles Darwin's Descent of Man is full of unexpected delights — such as the trio of hard drinking, chain-smoking koalas that appear within its first few pages to illustrate our affinity to.

The Descent of Man Chapter 1 Summary Course Her

In The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex, published 150 years ago this month, Darwin argued forcefully that all creatures were subject to the same natural laws, and that humans had. That July, his mother died. extensive discussion in the literature (see plan of a superintending creator, allowing that, the process of selection could go on adapting, nicely and wonderfully, The On the basis of Thompson's quantitative physical This Nature, cares not for mere external appearance; she may be said to In the fourth edition of 1866, for example, Darwin VII. ^ Robert FitzRoy.

The Descent of Man Chapter 4 Summary Course Her

And its summary: Charles Darwin's The Descent of Man was published in 1871. Ever since, it has been the foundation stone of human evolutionary studies. Richerson et al. reviewed how modern studies of human biological and cultural evolution reflect the ideas in Darwin's work. They emphasize how cooperation, social learning, and cumulative. 1. The Continuity of Man and Animals. Today, I wish to talk about Darwin's biological considerations on morality. There are other people who treated the same or the related problems in the 19th century, e.g. Spencer or Huxley; but it seems to me Darwin is by far the most important.When I began to study the Darwininan evolutionary theory some twenty years ago, I was very much impressed by.

PPT - Eugenics = “well-born” PowerPoint Presentation - ID

This summary appears at the end of Darwin's two chapters in the Descent of Man on the mental life and mental evolution of animals There can be no doubt that the difference between the mind of the lowest man and that of the highest animal is immense The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex (1871) lays out how the principle of sexual selection could produce the splendid variety of animal life forms. This was Darwin's way of explaining how human beings descended from animals. More to my point, however, this was Darwin's way of accounting for the variations required before his principle of natural selection could promote some.

In a subsequent book, The Descent of Man, published in 1871, Darwin finally presented his ideas on evolution as applied to us humans. He proposed that we evolved from apes through a series of. In 1871, Charles Darwin published The Descent of Man, a companion to Origin of Species in which he attempted to explain human evolution, a topic he called the highest and most interesting problem for the naturalist.A Most Interesting Problem brings together twelve world-class scholars and science communicators to investigate what Darwin got right—and what he got wrong—about the.

Darwin's General Summary and Conclusions of the Descent of

  1. Wiker May 1, 2009 Intelligent Design. There is no reason for guesswork on Darwin's views of morality. He set them out all too clearly in his Descent of Man (1871), the book in which he applied his theory of evolution to human beings. In it, Darwin very meticulously attempts to explain everything human as an effect of natural or sexual selection.
  2. The text from Darwin is another chapter of Descent of Man, Ch. 5: On The Development Of The Intellectual And Moral Faculties During Primeval And Civilised Times. This chapter is key to understanding Darwin's view of how natural selection has been applied in primitive times and in modern times. Darwin, like all Victorian writers in the 19th.
  3. 150 years of The Descent of Man. Charles Darwin's The Descent of Man was published in 1871. Ever since, it has been the foundation stone of human evolutionary studies. Richerson et al. reviewed how modern studies of human biological and cultural evolution reflect the ideas in Darwin's work. They emphasize how cooperation, social learning, and cumulative culture in the ancestors of modern.

The Descent of Man Chapter 3 Summary Course Her

  1. A Selection from The Descent of Man. Charles Darwin. The main conclusion here arrived at, and now held by many naturalists who are well competent to form a sound judgment, is that man is descended from some less highly organised form. The grounds upon which this conclusion rests will never be shaken, for the close similarity between man and the.
  2. d to his arguments, even when taken to their logical conclusion and applied to the descent of man from the apes - the aspect of his theory which had been so widely mocked since the notorious question asked by Bishop Wilberforce at the Oxford debate of 1860: was it.
  3. evolution, The Descent of Man (hereafter Descent), together with Selection in Relation to Sex (Fig. 1) (1). In On the Origin of Species,Darwin(2) had promised that light will be thrown on the origin of man and his history. Now it was time to deliver. Descent is a sophisticated book that greatly influenced late 19th-and20th.

The Descent of Man Chapter 2 Summary Course Her

  1. The Descent of Man An introduction by R. B. Freeman. Darwin wrote, in the preface to the second edition, of 'the fiery ordeal through which this book has passed'. He had avoided the logical outcome of the general theory of evolution, bringing man into the scheme, for twelve years, and in fact it had, by that time, been so much accepted that the clamour of the opposition was not strident
  2. The Descent of Man Charles Darwin Chapter 21 - General Summary and Conclusio
  3. d the more salient points in this work
The Origin Of Species & The Descent Of Man CPPT - 7A Evidence of Common Ancestry PowerPoint

CONTENTS. INTRODUCTION. PART I. THE DESCENT OR ORIGIN OF MAN. CHAPTER I. The Evidence of the Descent of Man from some Lower Form. Nature of the evidence bearing on the origin of man--Homologous structures in man and the lower animals--Miscellaneous points of correspondence-- Development--Rudimentary structures, muscles, sense-organs, hair, bones, reproductive organs, etc.- Darwin had an evolutionary view of ethics 'from the side of natural history' which connects with MacIntyre's insight into morality's connections with social life. This article will show how Darwin argued in The Descent of Man that the moral sense evolved from a combination of social instincts and well-developed mental powers. If this is. In Charles Darwin: The private man and the public debate by Darwin in his two-volume The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex (1871). The book was authoritative, annotated, and heavily anecdotal in places. The two volumes were discrete, the first discussing the evolution of civilization and human origins among the Old World monkeys

The Dark Side of Darwinism Philosophy for the Man

A summary of Part X (Section5) in Charles Darwin's The Origin of Species. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The Origin of Species and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans Charles Darwin's The Descent of Man Summary 5:51 Thomas Hobbes' Leviathan: Summary, Quotes & Analysis 5:56 The Voyage of the Beagle Summary; The Elementary Forms of Religious Life Summary. In his introduction, Darwin reveals that for many years he had no intention of publishing his notes on this topic, 'as I thought that I should thus only add to the prejudices against my views'. By 1871, he felt that his fellow scientists would show a greater openness of mind to his arguments, even. Hilary Farr The Descent of Man Focus on the idea of Evolution The Big Bang Theory Theme Song Evolution by: Venus Force Evolution Nature's revolution Evolution For survival, the ultimate solution Natural selection, survival of the fittest All of world's species put to the big tes Descent of Man [ 1871 ] Charles Darwin [ 1809 - 1882 ]. Chapter V - On the Development of the Intellectual and Moral Faculties THE subjects to be discussed in this chapter are of the highest interest, but are treated by me in an imperfect and fragmentary manner

Charles Darwin: A Man, Not a Monster | A Believing Scientist

When Charles Darwin published Descent of Man 150 years ago, he launched scientific investigations on human origins and evolution. Last week, three leading scientists in different, but related disciplines published Modern theories of human evolution foreshadowed by Darwin's Descent of Man, in Science, in which they identify three insights from Darwin's opus on human evolution that. The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex is the second edition of a book on evolutionary theory by British naturalist Charles Darwin. The first edition was published in 1871, and the second, enlarged edition in 1874 (this Wikisource edition is based on an unchanged reprint of the second edition)

This book is the first instance where the term evolution comes into Darwin's work, while it did appear in the Origin of the Species, it was not untill a later edition, publish after the Descent of Man. Interstingly the Theory of evolution was originated by Bonnet in 1762 wich is now refered to as the Theory of Preformation to avoid confusion Descent of Man [ 1871 ] Charles Darwin [ 1809 - 1882 ]. Part Three - Sexual Selection in Relation to Man and Conclusion Chapter XIX - Secondary Sexual Characters of Man WITH mankind the differences between the sexes are greater than in most of the Quadrumana, but not so great as in some, for instance, the mandrill Man has also some few instincts in common, as that of self-preservation, sexual love, the love of the mother for her new-born offspring, the desire possessed by the latter to suck, and so forth. But man, perhaps, has somewhat fewer instincts than those possessed by the animals which come next to him in the series

The Descent of Man (Darwin)/Chapter V. Wallace, in an admirable paper before referred to, argues that man, after he had partially acquired those intellectual and moral faculties which distinguish him from the lower animals, would have been but little liable to bodily modifications through natural selection or any other means. For man is. Descent of Man [ 1871 ] Charles Darwin [ 1809 - 1882 ]. Chapter IV - Comparison of the Mental Powers of Man and the Lower Animals (continued) I FULLY subscribe to the judgment of those writers* who maintain that of all the differences between man and the lower animals, the moral sense or conscience is by far the most important The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex is a book on evolutionary theory by British naturalist Charles Darwin, first published in 1871. It was Darwin's second large book on evolutionary theory, following his 1859 work, The Origin of Species, and is concerned with outlining the application of Darwin's theory to human evolution, and. The Descent of Man Quotes Showing 1-29 of 29. Ignorance more frequently begets confidence than does knowledge: it is those who know little, not those who know much, who so positively assert that this or that problem will never be solved by science.. ― Charles Darwin, The Descent of Man. tags: certainty , ignorance , knowledge , open.

Charles Darwin 1809 - 1882 timeline | Timetoast timelines

Charles Darwin Biography: Brief Overview SparkNote

Summary. Darwin's book The Descent of Man had a profound influence on the acceptance of sexism. The recent publication of the admission of this fact appears to be a turning point allowing an honest admission of the harm that Darwin has done in society. It is hoped that Darwin's other harmful ideas will also be allowed to permeate our. Abraham Lincoln and Charles Darwin were born on the same day in 1809. Though shaped by vastly different environments, they had remarkably similar values, purposes, and approaches. This study reveals the parallel views they shared of man and God. While Lincoln is renowned for his oratorical prowess and for the Emancipation Proclamation, as well as many other accomplishments, his scientific and. Kropotkin claimed that this was the kind of unscientific philosophy Darwin had had to ———— 87 In this respect he was following the synthetic way of thinking of Darwin, Haeckel and Spencer: HODGE, M.J.S. (1989), «Generation and the Origin of Species: A Historiographical Suggestion», British Journal for the History of Science, 22, 267.

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Literature Network » Charles Darwin » Descent of Man » Chapter 2. Chapter 2. CHAPTER II. appears to be much more common in the male than in the female sex; and on the belief in the descent of man from some lower form, the fact is intelligible; for it has been detected in several of the lower animals, and in all of these it serves. Chapter Darwin Man Summary Descent. Summary Darwin discusses how the classification system was developed by naturalists and is supported by his theory of descent with modification The book on humanity and sexual selection, The Descent of Man, was published in 1871 Summary Leading scholars take stock of Darwin's ideas about human evolution in the light of modern science In 1871, Charles Darwin published The Descent of Man, a companion to Origin of Species in which he attempted to explain human evolution, a topic he called the highest and most interesting problem for the naturalist.. Darwin C (1859) On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life. London, UK: Murray [PMC free article] [Google Scholar] Darwin C (1871) The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex. London, UK: Murray [Google Scholar

In 1871, Charles Darwin published The Descent of Man, a companion to Origin of Species in which he attempted to explain human evolution, a topic he called the highest and most interesting problem for the naturalist.A Most Interesting Problem brings together twelve world-class scholars and science communicators to investigate what Darwin got right—and what he got wrong—about the. (Charles Darwin) Ignorance more frequently begets confidence than does knowledge: it is those who know little, not those who know much, who so positively assert that this or that problem will never be solved by science. (Charles Darwin, Introduction to The Descent of Man, 1871

Darwin: From Origin of Species to Descent of Man (Stanford

Darwin eventually wrote The Descent of Man, a rich and sophisticated treatment of evolution, even by contemporary standards. Yet, during his lifetime, Darwin's treatment of evolution generally and of human evolution specifically had many competitors (Bowler 1988) It was Darwin who documented beyond doubt, in The Descent of Man, that all living humans belong to a unitary species with a single origin—which we now know, on the basis of evidence of which Darwin could never have dreamed, to have been around 200,000 years ago This year marks 150 years since Charles Darwin's The Descent of Man was presented to the public in 1871, his follow up to the Origin of Species published 12 years earlier.. Descent was the second of his books outlining his idea of evolution by natural selection and was overtly aimed at tying mankind into the natural evolutionary past.. It was a revolutionary text much of which still. Darwin's 'The Descent of Man' and Donald Trump: A Comparison of Two Old White Guys February 10, 2017 afinch5 Leave a Comment As I was reading the 'Civilised Nations' section of Darwin's ' The Descent of Man ' I was struck first by the audacity of his content, but also by his featherlight way of expressing it

The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex

Darwin's The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex (S186: 1871) Editor Charles H. Smith's Note: An essay book review printed in the 15 March 1871 number of The Academy. Original pagination indicated within double brackets The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex is a book on evolutionary theory by British naturalist Charles Darwin, first published in 1871. It was Darwin's second large book on evolutionary theory, following his 1859 work, The Origin of Species, and is concerned with outlining the application of Darwin's theory to human evolution, and. More specifically talks about the fact that man is descended from some lowly-organised form. Darwin describe the anscestors of man naked and beaubed with paint, with long tangled hair, and with wild, startled and distrustful expression. They possessed any arts, no government an

The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex Summar

Darwin's work established evolutionary descent with modification as the dominant scientific explanation of diversification in nature. In 1871 he examined human evolution and sexual selection in The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex, followed by The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals (1872) If prejudice can be conciliated, it will surely be by a book like this. The Descent of Man, and Selection in relation to Sex. By Charles Darwin, &c. In two volumes. Pp. 428, 475. (Murray, 1871.

In the essay The Descent Of Man by Charles Darwin excerpted from his book The Origin Of Species (1871), he tries to describe evolution through the natural selection of accumulated favorable variations in an organism that in time form new species within which the fact that man is descended from a lower-organized life form is prescribed to, by giving evidence of similarities of the characters of. The Descent of Man, and selection in relation to sex is a book by Charles Darwin, first published in 1871.. It was Darwin's second great book on evolutionary theory, with the first being his 1859 work, On the Origin of Species. Darwin had said almost nothing about human beings in the Origin, except a single sentence: Light will be thrown on the origin of man and his history

There should be open competition for all men; and the most

Charles Darwin - The Descent of Man, Chapter 7: On the

charles darwin the descent of man essay 36d745ced8 This lesson presents a comprehensive summary of 'The Descent of Man' published by Charles Darwin in 1871. In the book, Darwin expands on his.. The Descent of Man And Selection in Relation to Sex by Charles Darwin Volume 2 of 2. The Descent of Man - A Four Part Radio By 1871, Darwin had completed his work devoted to human evolution entitled: The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex 10. Chapter VII of this work, On the Races of Man, was specifically directed at polygenism, as understood in the United States as well as within the ASL Darwin's The Descent of Man research papers examine Charles Darwin's theory of evolution in The Descent of Man. Paper Masters will custom write research on Darwinism using any of his many works, especially The Descent of Man. 570-955-1438. Text Us. Email Us. Paper Masters. Order Paper Services Prices Contact

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CHARLES DARWIN, The Descent of Man (1871), Chapter 21

1453 The Descent of Man — Chapter II: On the Manner of Development of Man from Some Lower Form. Charles Darwin. . CHAPTER II. On the Manner of Development of Man from some Lower Form. Variability of body and mind in man—Inheritance—Causes of variability—Laws of variation the same in man as in the lower animals—Direct action of the. As for women, Darwin was no champion of gender equality. As he stated in the Descent of Man, Man is more courageous, pugnacious, and energetic than woman, and has a more inventive genius. With their male counterparts having a brain that is absolutely larger, Darwin doubted that women could possibly surmount their biological limitations THE NATURE of the following work will be best understood by a brief account of how it came to be written. During many years I collected notes on the origin or descent of man, without any intention of publishing on the subject, but rather with the determination not to publish, as I thought that I should thus only add to the prejudices against my views by Darwin, Charles. The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex is a book on evolutionary theory by English naturalist Charles Darwin, first published in 1871. It was Darwin's second great book on evolutionary theory, following his 1859 work, On The Origin of Species

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DARWIN: THE DESCENT OF MAN. STUDY. Flashcards. Learn. Write. Spell. Test. PLAY. Match. Gravity. Created by. Rodney_Leung. Terms in this set (6) Natural Selection. the gradual process by which biological traits become either more or less common in a population as a function of the effect of inherited traits on the differential reproductive. Darwin's Theory of Evolution is the widely held notion that all life is related and has descended from a common ancestor: the birds and the bananas, the fishes and the flowers -- all related. Darwin's general theory presumes the development of life from non-life and stresses a purely naturalistic (undirected) descent with modification Twelve years later, he applied it on humans in The Descent of Man. And changed everything. On the Origin of Species PDF Summary No need to tell you this: At about 500 pages in its original edition, On the Origin of Species is Charles Darwin magnum opus and, quite possibly, the most influential nonfiction book ever written Book Description: In the current resurgence of interest in the biological basis of animal behavior and social organization, the ideas and questions pursued by Charles Darwin remain fresh and insightful. This is especially true of The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex, Darwin's second most important work Charles Darwin: The Descent of Man (1871) Commentary by Michael J. O'Neal, Ph.D. Log in to see the full document and commentary. Instructors: CLICK HERE to request a free trial account (only available to college instructors) Primary Source Readers. At Milestone Documents, we believe that engaging with history's original voices is exciting for.