BIODIVERSITY 14 Ecological Zones of Pakistan 28 15 Protected Areas of Pakistan 33 15.1 National Parks 33 15.2 IUCN protected areas classification 34 15.3 Species of Special Concern 35 15.3.1 Extinct Species 35 15.3.2 Internationally Threatened Species 36 16 Invasive and Alien Species 3 Pakistan is rich in biodiversity, particularly in the arid and semi-arid regions which cover almost 80% of the total land area. A number of animal and plant species are threatened and/or. The total 71 species from 9 families were recorded from West Pakistan. Family Pieridae and Lycaenidae have highest number of species Freshwater Invasive Species In Pakistan Freshwater Invasive Species In Pakistan About 225 significant man-made and natural wetlands spread over approximately 10% of the country. Pakistans wetlands occur in a broad variety of ecological zones including arid, semiarid, alpine and coastal areas The native freshwater teleostean fish fauna of Pakistan comprises of 160 species belonging to 69 genera, 23 families, and 11 orders. Of these, 90 species are of common occurrence while the remaining is less common or rare. Again a quite good number of these are of great commercial importance (Ali, 1999)
Ladybird Beetles from Mirpur Division of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan. A total of fifty one species from 6 subfamilies were recorded from the study area. Further, there are thirty seven species of Ladybird beetles in district Where, S is the number of species and N is the total number of individuals. Simpson's Index. The present work list the species described from the localities now in Pakistan and from our own collections. It enumerates 10 genera and 91 species from West (W) Pakistan and 13 genera and 89.. Pakistan is a forest-poor country having 4.5 million hectares (ha) or 5.1% of its total land mass covered with forests (Government of Pakistan, GoP 2015). The forests of Pakistan are owned by the state, and the provincial forest departments develop working plans for the management of forests (Rahman et al. 2014 ) where d is species richness, S is the total number of species in a community, and N is the total number of individuals of all species in a community. The maturity index was recorded after Pichi-Sermolli's method (1948). Maturity is a dynamic concept and is related to structural complexity and organization (Margalef 1968)
About the total number of seaweed species discovered so far in Pakistan, he said it was hard to give the exact number since in many cases detailed scientific description required to define a. .78. While common pochard total count was 1 the lowest number (2019). 3(2):8-15 Ashraf et al. Birds: Species richness was calculated with this formula SR = (S - 1)/logn N of avian species of birds present in the sample : Species evenness was calculated with this formula E = H'/ Logn
Pakistan has a large wealth of medicinal and aromatic plants due to its diverse habitat, climate, and soil types and harbors about 6000 wild plant species [ 35 ]. Among them, 400-600 species are used for therapeutic purposes. Eighty percent of this medicinal flora is restricted in Northwestern areas of Pakistan and Azad Kashmir [ 36, 37, 38 ] Pakistan has substantial areas of inland waters as a result of its location as the drainage basin for the Himalayas. The region between 33 o N and 20 o N consists of a network of rivers, canals, reservoirs, lakes, waterlogged areas and village ponds, etc. with a total area of about 8.6 million ha. Of this total, some 30 000 ha correspond to the area utilized for cold-water trout production and. Total Number of Species Estimated in the World. Over seven million species of plants and animals live on planet earth, according to the best estimates made by biologists. If you add in the world's species that aren't plants or animals, such as lichens, mushrooms and bacteria, the total number of species leaps much higher. Tallying the estimates.
Total number of mammal species, by country Note, this data from IUCN dates to 2016 and is incomplete. If you are aware of more up-to-date data on a global scale, please contact us The study was conducted to measure bird species diversity at Taunsa Barrage Wildlife Sanctuary from 2009 to 2011. The objective of the study was to identify avian diversity and main threats to them in the sanctuary. Data were collected by direct census method. In total, 58,598 bird species belonging to 53 families and 171 species were recorded The book carries a total of 121 photographs of birds, representing 93 species. The book opens with the first photograph of Chukar (Alectoris chukar), the national bird of Pakistan. It also includes photographs of three globally threatened species - Greater Spotted Eagle, Sociable Lapwing and Jerdon's Babbler. These are among the 29 globall
Traditional uses of 149 species belonging to 60 genera and 16 tribes of 5 sub families of Poaceae were recorded. Whole plants and leaves were the most consistently used parts with 40.94 and 29.53%. The plants were mainly given orally as fodder (59 reports) without processing followed by decoction (35 reports) Species Density =Total number of individuals of one species Total area of the sampled circle (π × r2) Relative abundance Relative abundance of each bird species was calculated by following K-Dominance Species Abundance Model (Plummer et al., 2019). In addition to most abundant species was calculated by Relative abundance: Totalnumber. The freshwater fish fauna of Pakistan is represented by a minimum of 193 fish species. These species belong to class Actinopterygii, sub-class Teleostei, 3 cohorts, 6 super orders, 13 orders, 30 families and 86 genera 1987), the total number of species of birds of Indo-Pakistan sub-continent is 2060. Fauna of Pakistan comprises of both Palearctic and Oriental origins (Roberts, 1991). Different researchers have given different figures about the avian diversity of Pakistan like the total number of species of birds is 606 (Ripley, 1961, Ali an
.  The flora and fauna of Pakistan suffer from a number of problems Estimates of the total number of species in the world range from 2 to 100 million. It is estimated that only 1.5 million species have actually been studied. There are approximately 788 marine fish species in Pakistan's coastal waters (Ahmed, 1998). Large pelagics such as the tuna are common in the waters of Balochistan. The blind Indus.
28 Table: 15.2 Summary of Protected Areas in Pakistan 34 29 Table: 15.3 Species Richness and Endemics for Major Plant and Animal Groups in Pakistan. Reviewed by M. Farooq Ahmad (ZSD) 36 Total number of trees million 331 554 67 Total standing stock million M3 70 97 38. The number of endemic species and those considered as threatened with extinction has been presented Table-1. However, no consistent analysis has yet been done on threatened species in Pakistan. Among nomads there are at least three endemic species and a number of endemic and non-endemic subspecies However there are 134 species of mos-quitoes found in Pakistan belonging to Anophe-linae and Culicinae subfamilies (3). Mosquitoes Where, S is total number of species and N is total number of individuals. Shannon-Weaver Index was also applied to find out the diversity of mosquitoes with respect to monthly variation (22)
In total, 174 mammals, 177 reptiles, 22 amphibians, 198 freshwater fish species and 500 species of invertebrates (including insects) have been recorded in Pakistan. National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries. At present, there are around 157 protected areas in Pakistan that are recognized by the IUCN abundance of a given species relative to the total abundance of all species. Species richness was calculated by considering the total number of species found in the study sites . Results and discussion An assemblage of 1349 specimens belonging to 18 species was collected from 16 different sites sampled during 2015-2016. The dat
Genetic diversity in Ziziphus species collected from Pakistan and China. Genetic diversity indices of the four Ziziphus species are given (Table 3). A total of 826 polymorphic alleles were scored; of these 168 and 158 alleles with a mean of 3.097 and 2.533 alleles per primer were amplified from Z. jujuba o Species on Earth. Estimates of the total number of species on Earth range from 8.7 million to a trillion. Of all the species that have existed on Earth at some point over the past 3.5 billion years, over 95% have gone extinct. That's part of the natural process of evolution Pakistan is a forest-poor country having 4.5 million hectares (ha) or 5.1% of its total land mass covered with forests (Government of Pakistan, GoP 2015). The forests of Pakistan are owned by the state, and the provincial forest departments develop working plans for the management of forests (Rahman et al. 2014 ) Adult literacy rate, population 15+ years, male (%) 69.5702209472656 (2015) Age dependency ratio. 64.671495937273 (2017) Age-standardized death rate from cardiovascular diseases, per 100,000 individuals. 479.9 (2016) Agriculture orientation index for government expenditures
About 200-300 fish species are discovered every year and it is predicted that the eventual number of living fish species will be at least 32,500 (Ali and Narejo, 2009). Of this total diversity of fish 58% are marine, 41 % are freshwater inhabitants and 1% is diadromous (Ali, 1999). Freshwater resources of Pakistan are immense Species richness is the total number of species present in a given area or sample whereas diversity takes into account how individuals are distributed amongst those species, i.e., the species frequency distribution. In fact, it turns out that nearly historical city of Pakistan and is situated near the eastern end of the Khyber Pass with a. (Patsch 2019). Pakistan has a rich tradition in medicinal plant use (Salim et al. 2019), out of 600 species used as medicines, 300 species are accessible in markets (Shinwari et al. 2002; Sulaiman et al. 2020). The current study was designed to document the traded plant species along with their traditional use . Table 1: Total Number of Family, Genera and Species of spider abundance Gilgit Baltistan Pakistan. S. No. Families No. of Genera No. of species 1 Araneida 02 04 2 Clubionidae 01 01 3 Ganaphosidae 01 01 4 Lycosidae 03 03 5 Oxyopide 01 01 6 Pholcidae 01 01 7 Thomisidae 02 02 8 Theridiidae 01 0 Total number of specimens collected from different localities. Name of area Total number of specimens Maidan 255 Jandool 160 Timergara 50 Adenzai 45 Total 510 importance. Among them, these species were collected from Glycine max , L. sativa , Hibiscus esculentus and Prunus domestica and Helianthus annus feeding on A
With regard to birds, the total number of birds species in the world today is and the total number of taxa of birds of Indo-Pakistan subcontinent is [ ]. e variety Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. Total area is , km 2, total populationis , , , and capital is Saidu Sharif A. members of species W and P B. members of species R and P C. members of species S and W D. members of species W and R E. members of species U and R 14.If two habitats are set up, one containing members of species P, Q, W, and V, and the other containing members of species S, U, R, and T, whic The total number of fish species found well as various extinct related groups. Most fish are in the Indus drainage is 189 of which 177 are recorded ectothermic (cold-blooded), allowing their body from the basin of Pakistan including 12 exotic species. temperatures to vary as ambient temperatures Among the total fish fauna of this drainage, 65. A total of 150 medicinal plants belonging to 60 families and 98 genera were reported from study area (Table 2). Out of total 150 species, 76 were endemic or native and 74 exotic and among them, 136 plant species were wild, 10 were cultivated, and 4 were both wild-collected and cultivated (Table 1S)
With regard to birds, the total number of birds species in the world today is 9040 and the total number of taxa of birds of Indo-Pakistan subcontinent is 2060 . The variety of avian species in ecosystems reflects the well-being of its habitat Approximately 65-75 % of the total number of herbalists participated in this survey. The informant's agesvaried from 25 to 65 and the experience of the informants varied from 10 to 50 years. The surveys were carried out between early morning and the peak of market activity hours, i.e., 11:00 am - 01:00 pm species followed by P. hysterophorus (3.08 m-2) and Dactyloctenium aegypticum (Egyptian grass) infesting to the extent of 2.97 m-2. Except Sector H9 having the least number of total flora, all other sectors possessed equal number of total weeds (Table-1). Parthenium causes health hazards. A lot of available data als
. It is a first comprehensive taxonomical study from Taxila and its surrounding areas According to FAO, Brazil is the largest producer of citrus in the world, followed by China and USA, data for Pakistan is not available. In Pakistan, it is cultivated its 95% area of cultivation is in Punjab because of favorable temperature and environmental conditions and the total production according to approx. 1.8 annually on an estimated area of 194,000 ha with the per acre yield standing. Acinetobacter Species over the Last Eight Years in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Lahore, Pakistan Fareeha Imran1, Muna Malik1, Amina Asif1, Gulnaz Akhtar2, total number of clinical samples were tabulated from which Acinetobacter species were isolated. the current species extinction rate is between 1,000 and 10,000 times higher than it would naturally be (IUCN, 2008). More than 6,000 species of vascular plant species have been reported from Pakistan (Ahmad, 2003). The studies on the conservation status of plant species are limited and data in this respect are variable. Nasi Where N is total number of termites of all the species and N (max) is number of termites of the most abundant species in the area. Table I.- Diversity index of number of individuals of different termite species collected from 200 soil cores and different trees (n=168) from Taxila, Rawalpindi during the year, 2013
Hunain Zia hails from Punjab, Pakistan. Hunain rose to limelight after accomplishing the impossible feat in education. He is currently the World Record Holder, having 66 A and A stars in CAIE O Level, IGCSE, A Level, Pearson Edexcel GCSE and IAL education. The total number of distinct A grades he got are 154 Habitat destruction, invasive species, overexploitation, illegal wildlife trade, pollution and climate change are threatening the survival of species worldwide. IUCN is at the forefront of the global fight to save species from extinction. Its Species Survival Commission has over 9000 members, within 160 Specialist Groups District Haripur, KPK, Pakistan. Biomed J Sci & Tech Res 18(3)-2019. BJSTR. MS.ID.003168. Keywords: Mushrooms; Diversity; Dis-trict Haripur ARTICLE INFO abstract During the present study total of 19 families including 40 species were recorded enlisted in Table 1. The highest number of wild edible mushroom species recorded wa Species Composition and Palatability: A total of 26 species were recorded in the sampling quadrats. The species differed at each site. The highest species richness was found in the Deosai (2.4) and Khunjerab (2). The species diversity showed that there was an increase in number from spring to summer and then decreased after summer
16 Pakistan Journal of Marine Sciences, Vol. 18(1&2), 2009. Penaeus Japonicus: P. japonicus in developed maturity stage varied in total length from 15.4 to 19.4 cm. Estimated mean fecundity for the species was 265218.525 ± 0.677068 INTRODUCTION Diversity is divided into two components as; richness (number of species in a specific area) and Pakistan has largest canal system and also has evenness (population) (Magurran, 2004). The world has more than 225 wetlands; only 19 are listed as Ramsar more than 27,977 species of fish (represented by515 sites
Last Updated: 15th July, 2021 19:53 IST Researchers Explore Whether Total Number Of Living Vertebrates' Species Can Be Determined The total number of living vertebrates cannot be determined, as per Syracuse University study by Bruce Wilkinson, research professor and Linda Ivany, professor Topics: Pakistan, Karakoram, Indus River Pages: 3 (626 words) Published: July 19, 2011. Introduction: Pakistan is home to a number of endangered species, including the woolly flying squirrel, markhor, blue whale, Pakistan sand cat, the ibex wild goat, and several species of birds, whales and turtles. Certain mammals which could be found in.
These species were identified by the shape index (100 oocysts were collected from each sample). The total number of six these Eimeria species were as under Table 1. Table 1.Number of positive samples and the means of various Eimerian species in three districts of southern Punjab, Pakistan A total of 122 species were studied in which 107 species were used for medicinal purposes, 25 species for vegetable and food, 26 species for fuel and wood, 18 species for furniture, 14 species for. South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa ( RSA ), is a country in Southern Africa. With over 60 million people, it is the world's 23rd-most populous nation and covers an area of 1,221,037 square kilometres (471,445 square miles). South Africa has three capital cities: executive Pretoria, judicial Bloemfontein and legislative Cape Town The total number of species included in the 202 published treatments (see List) is about 4,200, which leaves some 1,500 species in 11 families (c. 25% of the entire flora) still to be treated. ---- The Flora of Pakistan: Current Status --- Pakistan is a party to a number of nature conservation Conventions which include : The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES
Providing protection for these species also offered a measure of security for many lesser known plant species and smaller animal species. Thus, the Government of Pakistan has created a parks and reserves system governing about 9.1 million ha (10.40% of total land area) In Pakistan second most important brassicae was the second abundant species with number 2412, (33%) of total species. The increasing trend in the S. graminum was abundant with 51% of total number. Aphis nerii was restricted to winter season with (5%) of total
In the present study different species (Amaranthus hypochondriacus & A. tricolor) 100/total number of seed For morphological characterization, the seeds of amaranthus were multiplied. Sowing of amaranthus seeds Pakistan with the altitudinal variation from 710 to 243 Category Total Species Totals Vertebrate Animals Mammals 5,490 Birds 9,998 Reptiles 9,084 Amphibians 6,433 Fishes 31,300 Total Vertebrates 62,305 Invertebrate Animals Insects 1,000,000 Spiders and scorpions 102,248 Molluscs 85,000 Crustaceans.
has been measured. A total of 94 plant species were recorded belonging to 43 families. Fabaceae is the dominating family with 15 member species (16.5%), followed by Moraceae and Rosaceae with 8 and 5 species respectively. Lahore had number of green spaces in the past bu We assessed the distribution, diversity and abundance of corals in Pakistani waters. A total of 29 hard coral species (eight families and 14 genera), one black coral species and eight soft coral species (three families and seven genera) were recorded from 18 dive sites at nine locations along the coastline The species was considered Endangered until 2015. 22) Thankfully those numbers have started to bounce back in recent years due to improved conservation efforts. The markhor is currently labeled as near threatened by the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, with a total population of less than 10,000 worldwide These species represent 25% of the butterfly fauna of Pakistan and belong to five families, although the Nymphalidae were dominant, comprising 38% of the total specimens. Barcode analysis showed that maximum conspecific divergence was 1.6%, while there was 1.7-14.3% divergence from the nearest neighbour species The term 'species of special concern' is defined by WWF to include endangered, threatened and nationally important species, irrespective of their global status. Pakistan is host to a number of endemic species and sub species, including six mammals: Indus dolphin, Woolly flying squirrel, Chiltan markhor, Suleiman markhor, Balochistan black bear, and Punjab urial
Total 14259 plants/individuals were recorded, which belong to 54 plant species with 18 different families. In Taunsa pre-monsoon survey, total 30 plant species were found with 4476 plants from 16 different families. In Taunsa post-monsoon survey total 3348 individuals were recorded from 20 plant species and 9 families number (11) of un-identified bird cases were reported in Khanewal followed by 7 cases reported in Lahore. Figure 5. Number of cases of birds reported with Rescue 1122 in different districts of Punjab, Pakistan during study period plotting cumulative number of species as a function of sampling effort were used which indicated that sampling was reasonably complete (Fig. 1). A total of 65 plant species from 60 genera were documented during the study. A total of 65 species were recorded in control plots compared with to infested plots A total of 24 species of Prorocentrum are now known from Pakistan, including 20 taxa (18 species) and 5 new records (current study) and 15 previously recorded species (Shameel and Tanaka, 1992 SHAMEEL, M. and TANAKA, J. 1992. A preliminary check-list of marine algae from the coast and inshore waters of Pakistan However, low number of total Russula species published so far from western Himalaya (including Indian and Chinese territories) and locations of Pakistani Maculatinae records in a relatively small area suggest that the current knowledge of Maculatinae distribution in the Himalayas is incomplete and largely dependent on human factor
Results: Out of 270 stool samples tested in this study for various causative agents of gastroenteritis, total number of positive samples were 106 (39%). Of these, 90 (33%) had viral etiology, of which Rotavirus type A (serotype G) was found in the majority of cases 60 (22%), Adenovirus in 20 (7%) patients, and Astrovirus in the remaining 10 (4%. Conservative estimates put the number of species at two million but can be as high as 30 million. However, biologists are yet to identify over 80% of the presumed number of species in the world. Some insects thrive in certain seasons meaning that a researcher may fail to count them if he conducts the research when they are in dormant status
Pakistan. 2.5% —or about 1,902,000 hectares—of Pakistan is forested. Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2000, Pakistan lost an average of 41,100 hectares of forest per year. The amounts to an average annual deforestation rate of 1.63%. Between 2000 and 2005, the rate of forest change increased by 24.4% to 2.02% per annum Pakistan is blessed with 6000 species of higher plants, of which 600-700 are used medicinally , out of these 6000 species, half (3000 species) are reported from Northern areas out of which 124 species have medicinal importance [16, 17], 4940 flowering plants are native to Pakistan (if cultivated flowering species are included figure turns 5738) Pakistan J. Zool., vol. 47(4), pp. 1147-1155, 2015. Population Dynamics of House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) and House Crow (Corvus splendens) in Punjab (District Sargodha), Pakistan Irfan Mustafa,1 Nousheen Arif,¹ Syed Makhdoom Hussain,2 Inayat Ullah Malik,2 Arshad Javid,3 Muhammad Irfan Ullah,4 5Saira Asif, 7 Mobushir Riaz Khan,6 Ayesha Waqas, Syed Ali Mustaja many native species of animals and plants; some species are already extinct, many are internationally threatened, and more still are of national concern. The degradation of agro-ecosystems and the accelerating loss of domesticated genetic diversity are also of grave concern in Pakistan (Government of Pakistan, et al., 2000)