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PP 228 Election Result 2021

PP 228 Election Result 2018 Lodhran-V Election Results 201

  1. PP-228 Election Result 2018 - There are 8 candidates are participating in general election 2018 in PP-228 Lodhran-V constituency of Punjab Province. NAZIR AHMAD KHAN PTI, SYED MUHAMMAD RAFI UD DIN BUKHARI PML-N, HASSAN MEHMOOD IND and others are the main candidates in PP-228. Get all the updates of PP-228 Election Result 2018 here
  2. Get PP-228 Lodhran 5 Election 2018 Results - Candidates are participating in PP-228, Pakistan General Election 2018
  3. Detail and complete election result of PP-228 Lodhran V with votes detail of General Election 2018. Election Pakistani Provide the information about names of all candidates , their party affiliation and their votes in general election 2018 of PP 228 Lodhran M.P.A seat Punjab Assembly .Votes of PML-N , TLP , MMA, PTI candidate
  4. PP 228 election result 2018 Lodhran V, Pakistan including list of candidates participating in polls, ticket holders and independent, from Lodhran constituency PP-228 Lodhran-
  5. It is located in District Lodhran, The Constituency had registered voters in 2018 general election, total votes were casted. Complete election history of PP-228 is given below, including the candidates and political parties which have participated in the elections, general election results and bye-elections result, profiles of candidates is.
  6. PP-228 Election Result - There are 5 candidates participate in general election in PP-228 Lodhran-V constituency of Punjab Province. Mian Naveed Ali PML-N has won the election by receiving 37134 votes by defeating Mian Jalal Akbar Hotiana IND got 13551 votes, Mazhar Fareed Watto PTI 11621 votes and other candidates of PP-228

MUHAMMAD AFZAL election result 2018 from NA-109 Faisalabad-IX, NA-124 Lahore-II, NA-136 Lahore-XIV, PK-46 Swabi-IV, PP-10 Rawalpindi-V, PP-126 Jhang-III, PP-189 Okara-VII, PP-228 Lodhran-V, PP-250 Bahawalpur-VI, PP-269 Muzaffargarh-II, PP-31 Gujrat-IV, PP-77 Sargodha-VI, PP-97 Faisalabad-I, PS-116 Karachi West-V, PS-90 Malir-IV. MUHAMMAD AFZAL is contesting as PPPP, MMA, PML N, PTI N, Ind. Get PP-233 Election 2018 Results - Candidates are participating in PP-233,Rai Zahoor Ahmad,Saeed Ahmad Khan Manais,Nizam Ul Din,Muhammad Khurram Nazar Duggal,Shafqat Ghaffar,Muhammad Shabbir Rao. Get PP-232 Election 2018 Results - Candidates are participating in PP-232,Muhammad Ejaz Hussain,Bilal Akbar Bhatti,Malik Nosher Khan Anjum Langrial,Ali Waqas,Syed Fazal Rasool Shah,Muhammad. Get PP-224 Election 2018 Results - Candidates are participating in PP-224,Zawar Hussain Warraich,Muhammad Amir Iqbal Shah,Muhammad Ibrahim,Muhammad Abdullah Jan,Muhammad Abullah Jan,Hafiz Abdul. PP-228 Election Result 2018. NA-160 Election Result 2018 Online. ABDUL REHMAN KHAN KANJU (PML N) MUHAMMAD AKHTAR KHAN KANJU (PTI) LIAQAT ALI KHAN (PPPP) RANA MOIN FAREED NOON (TLP) NAWAB AMANULLAH KHAN (Ind) Vote View Poll Result. Election Results 2018 Pakistan. NA 1. NA 2. NA 3. NA 4. NA 5. NA 6. NA 7. NA 8. NA 9. NA 10. NA 11. NA 12. NA 13.

PP-228 Result - Election Results 2018 - Lodhran 5 - PP-228

  1. Get PP-227 Election 2018 Results - Candidates are participating in PP-227,Khan Muhammad Siddique Khan Baloch,Nawab Amanullah Khan,Mian Sajid,Muhammad Hamid,Muhammad Asif Latif Somro,Waheed Ahmad.
  2. You can see here complete election result of PP 226 Lodhran III with total votes casted in election 2018, users votes casted online, election candidate's position with party name, constituency detail report and previous results of 2008, 2002, 2013 of PP 226 Lodhran III
  3. Election 2018 Result Details of Punjab Assembly Seat. General Election of Pakistan 2018 full & complete detail result with votes . Complete full detail love updated general election 2018 Punjab province from P.P 1 to PP 297. Electionpakistani.com is largest election website about Pakistan General Election 2018. Which provide all information.
  4. PP-228 Election Result 2018 . PP-227 Election Result 2018 - Lodhran-IV Punjab PP-227 Election Result 2018 - There are 11 candidates are participating in general election 2018 in PP-227 Lodhran-IV constituency of Punjab Province. Khan Muhammad Sidique Khan Baloch PML-N, NAWAB AMANULLAH KHAN PTI, MIAN SAJID IND and others are the main candidates.
  5. In 2018 election, 60.67m voters are registered from Punjab, which is 23% increase from 2013. You can find the complete result of 2018 provincial Punjab Elections at this page, including news, complete results and predictions before election, also complete profile of every candidate is given according to the constituencies across Punjab is given.
  6. PP-228 Election Result 2013 - There are 5 candidates participate in 2013 general election in PP-228 Lodhran-V constituency of Punjab Province. Mian Naveed Ali PML-N has won the election by receiving 37134 votes by defeating Mian Jalal Akbar Hotiana IND got 13551 votes, Mazhar Fareed Watto PTI 11621 votes and other candidates of PP-228

PP-228 Lodhran Election 2018 Full Result Candidates Vot

  1. PP 225 election result 2018 Lodhran II, Pakistan including list of candidates participating in polls, ticket holders and independent, from Lodhran constituency PP-225 Lodhran-I
  2. PP-224 Election Result 2018 - There are 8 candidates are participating in general election 2018 in PP-224 Lodhran-I constituency of Punjab Province. Zawar Hussain Warraich PTI, MUHAMMAD AMIR IQBAL SHAH PML-N, Muhammad Ibrahim PPPP and others are the main candidates in PP-224. Get all the updates of PP-224 Election Result 2018 here
  3. Election Commission of Pakistan has finalized 25th July 2018 for the commencement of General Elections 2018 in the country.This page comprise of details related to Punjab Assembly Result 2018. The election for each constituency is held on a different date
  4. On May 8, 2018, the movement announced its merger with Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf, the opposition party in the province, after PTI assured JPSM's leaders that creating the South Punjab province is a priority item in their manifesto for the 2018 elections. Results. PTI has 183 members in the assembly, PML-Q 10, PML-N 167 and PPP 7
  5. Previous PP 228 Lodhran Election Result 2018 - Candidates and Map. Next PP 230 Vehari Election Result 2018 - Candidates and Map. Related Articles. PS 130 Karachi Central Election Result 2018 - Candidates and Map. August 11, 2018. PS 129 Karachi Central Election Result 2018 - Candidates and Map
  6. . In halqa PP-192 Pakpattan-II, the contesting candidate of PTI is Azmad Said Muhammad Chishti. Contesting candidate of PPP is Fazal Karim. Contesting Candidate of PMLN is Naveed Ali.While the contesting Candidate of is in general elections 2018
  7. In halqa PP-227 Lodhran-IV, the contesting candidate of PMLN is Khan Muhammad Siddique Khan Baloch

It is located in District Sialkot, The Constituency had registered voters in 2018 general election, total votes were casted. Complete election history of PP-41 is given below, including the candidates and political parties which have participated in the elections, general election results and bye-elections result, profiles of candidates is also. Electionpakistani.com is largest election website about Pakistan General Election 2018. Get PP-228 Election 2018 Results - Candidates are participating in PP-228,Nazir Ahmad Khan,Syed Muhammad Rafi Uddin Bukhari,Hassan Mehmood,Shah Nawaz,Syed Muti Ul Haq Shah,Muhammad Afzal,Izzat PP 76 Election Result - Find all the complete details of PP 76 Sargodha Provincial Assembly of Punjab, Election Results with the complete details of PP 76 Sargodha candidates' and their party position, political election campaign, live courage and updates, pre poll results, election turn around & constituency report and compare with the previous results of 2008, 2002, 2013 & 2018 of PP 7 PP 84 Election Result 2013 - Find all the complete details of PP 84 Khushab Provincial Assembly of Punjab, Election Results with the complete details of PP 84 Khushab candidates' and their party position, political election campaign, live courage and updates, pre poll results, election turn around & constituency report and compare with the previous results of 2008, 2002, 2013 & 2018 of PP 8

Find PP 97 Election Result 2018 Detail report PP 97 Faisalabad Election Results 2018 Candidates, Constituency & Results of PP 97 Faisalaba PP 228 Lodhran Election Result 2018 - Punjab Assembly Halqa Area, Map and Candidates - Live Update. Pakistan Muslim League Nawaz (PMLN), Pakistan Tahreek Insaf (PTI), Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP), Mutahidda Qaumi Movement Pakistan (MQM-P), Pak Sir Zameen Party (PSP), Mutahidda Majlis-e- Amal (MNA), Jamiat Ulma-e-Islam Fazal Ul Rehman (JUIF), Jamat e Islami (JI), Awami National Party (ANP. حضرت سیّد نوشہ گنج بخشؒ . دارا شکوہ . درویش کام

PP 228 Lodhran V Election Result 2018 Lodhran Candidate

Election results. 2021 Special Election. 2020 General Election. 2020 Statewide Primary. 2020 Presidential Preference Primary. 2018 General Election. 2018 Statewide Primary. 2016 General Election. 2016 Statewide Primary The home address is also provided. This member started to campaign in 2013 General Election As a result of successfully wins the Election from PP-228 (Pakpattan-II). Above all, now this member is Member of Punjab Provisional Assembly from 2013 to 2018. Furthermore, This member is honest and has a pleasant personality Complete election results 2018, with total votes casted, Candidates, Party positions, Constituency report, City-wise Results, Party positions in provinces and districts and more Pakistan election results 2018 full list of Punjab Provincial Assembly winners and leads, live updating: पाकिस्तान असेंबली चुनाव 2018 के लिए वोटों की गिनती जारी है. नवाज शरीफ के गृह क्षेत्र पंजाब में इमरान खान की पार्टी.

Pakistan Punjab elections results 2018 full list of winners: People in Pakistan's Punjab voted in the Provincial Assembly Elections 2018 on Wednesday. Counting is underway and provisional results are expected by 2 am. Islamabad: Votes are being counted on Wednesday for the General Elections held for the Provincial Assembly of Punjab It is located in District Rahimyar Khan, The Constituency had registered voters in 2018 general election, total votes were casted. Complete election history of PP-267 is given below, including the candidates and political parties which have participated in the elections, general election results and bye-elections result, profiles of candidates. It is located in District Okara, The Constituency had registered voters in 2018 general election, total votes were casted. Complete election history of PP-187 is given below, including the candidates and political parties which have participated in the elections, general election results and bye-elections result, profiles of candidates is also.

PP-228 Lodhran, Punjab Assembly, Results, Candidates & Vote

PP 228 Election Result Lodhran-V Candidates

PA Election Result 2013 (Punjab) Const Result Status Returned Candidate Party Affiliation Votes Obt. PP-1: PP-228: Announced: Mian Naveed Ali: Pakistan Muslim League (N) 37 134: PP-229: Announced: Senate Elections 2018; Senate Elections 2015; Senate Elections 2012; Local Government Elections; Democratic Institutions. Parliament. President News feeds in virtually all social media platforms include engagement metrics, such as the number of times each post is liked and shared. We find that exposure to these signals increases the vulnerability of users to low-credibility information in a simulated social media feed. This finding has important implications for the design of social media [ The result of this research is an e-voting system that satisfies the prevention test of SQL injection and non-human participants attacks (ICITISEE), Yogyakarta, Indonesia, 2019, pp. 228-233, doi: 10.1109/ICITISEE48480.2019.9003768 Cross-Platforming Web-Application of Electronic On-line Voting System on the Elections of Any Level, 2019. Definitions. There is no single definition of election-related violence or a commonly accepted terminology on this topic. Philip Alston's report (2010:4-6) points to the main approaches and definitions to electoral violence, which are mainly constructed around motives for influencing the election: - Höglund (2009:417) notes that: electoral violence is separated from other forms of. Unemployment has affected all Liberian electoral processes, in particular the 2005 elections. Although there was a considerable reduction in violence during the pre-electoral period, [11] this did not result in a peaceful post-electoral phase, as political groups mobilized unemployed youth in sprees of violence. [12

MUHAMMAD AFZAL Election Result 2018 PPPP, MMA, PML N, PTI

The legislative file will show election results for legislative candidates by county. Archived election results from 1912 through the present are also available. Results broken down by precinct are available in the county files. Election results are available for all Federal, Statewide and State district offices; and for statewide ballot issues South Africa's general election of 2019 posed many challenges, some of which threatened the credibility of its result, and the entire election process By County. March 13, 2018 TN Senate District 14 Special Election General Results. November 7, 2017 TN Senate District 17 Special Election Primary Results. Results by County. June 15, 2017 TN House District 95 Special Election General Results. Results by County. April 27, 2017 TN House District 95 Special Election Primary Results For each election period, six weeks are considered, namely four weeks prior to the final election day and two weeks thereafter, which resulted in a total number of 21,423 articles collected (see Table A1). 2 2 There may be articles missing from the Polish sample may after 2007 (Gattermann, 2018, p. 353). Over‐ time patterns have thus to be. Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf. Special Assistant to Chief Minister Auqaf & Religious Affairs (Appointed on: 12th September 2018) Showing 3 of 3 Records. Abdul Aleem Khan. PP-158 ( Lahore-XV ) | Lahore. Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf. Minister for Food. Showing 1 of 1 Record. Raja Sagheer Ahmed

Election and democracy have coexisted but the Western interpretations of democracy though dominant, yet contestable. In a democracy, election serves as a tool to elect representatives 19 Boehm, and Mitchell, , BritishParliamentary Election Results 1950-1964, p. vi. In constructing our measure, we defined urban areas to include, in the case of England and Wales, (i) boroughs or urban districts having a population of 5,000 or more, (ii) parishes in rural districts having a population of 5,000 or more and a density of more than 5 persons per acre; in the case of Scotland, (i. demands for change. If nothing else, the emergence of a dominant party would redistribute the balance of party loyalties, which could result in higher trust over time. A second potential boost to trust would be the emergence of a charismatic leader whose virtues and popularity would be projected onto the institutions and increase confidence in them. . However, charismatic authority is hard to. NATIONAL ASSEMBLY RESULTS PUNJAB ASSEMBLY (VIEW RESULTS) SINDH ASSEMBLY (VIEW RESULTS) KPK ASSEMBLY (VIEW RESULTS) BALUCHISTAN ASSEMBLY (VIEW RESULTS) genereal election 2018 seats distribution of National Assembly , provincial.

The geography of pro- and anti-base Okinawans may have been translated into the recent Nago mayoral election in 2018. The Nago election is a high-profile local election, typically with a high voter turnout of over 75% over the past decade or so, as its result can have a major impact on the politics of US bases Schulz-Herzenberg, C and Southall, R. 2014. The party system and political prospects in the wake of election 2014. In Schulz-Herzenberg, C & Southall, R. eds., Election 2014 South Africa: The campaigns, results and future prospects, Jacana Media, pp. 228-240. Schulz-Herzenberg, C. Participation and party support in the 2011 municipal elections Elections in Hard Times answers this critical question, showing why even clean elections fail to advance democracy when held amidst challenging structural conditions. The book opens with a comprehensive, accessible synthesis of fifty years of research on elections and democratization, a resource for experts, policymakers, and students Harding overwhelmingly carried Minnesota by a margin of 376,427 votes, or 51.16 points, and nationally won the election, with 404 electoral votes and a 26.17 point lead over Cox in the popular vote, which constitutes the most lopsided result in any United States presidential election held since James Monroe's uncontested re-election in 1820

PP-233 Results - Election 2018 Results - - Candidates List

We characterize elections that are simultaneously single-peaked and single-crossing (SPSC), by establishing a connection between this domain and that of minimally rich elections, i.e., elections where each candidate is ranked first by at least one voter. Specifically, we show that an election is both single-peaked and single-crossing if and only if it can be obtained from a minimally rich. The 1816 Indiana gubernatorial election took place on August 5, 1816, under the provisions of the recently ratified Constitution of Indiana.It was the first gubernatorial election in the State of Indiana. Jonathan Jennings, the longtime U.S. territorial delegate from Indiana and president of the state's constitutional convention, defeated Thomas Posey, the incumbent territorial governor, with.

2020. v. t. e. The 1878 Delaware gubernatorial election was held on November 5, 1878. Incumbent Democratic Governor John P. Cochran was unable to seek re-election. Former State Senator John W. Hall ran as the Democratic nominee to succeed Cochran. The Republican Party, chastened by its long string of defeats, failed to run a statewide candidate Current constituency. Member (s) Abu Hafs Muhammad Ghiyas-ud-Din. Created from. Constituency PP-133 (Narowal-II) PP-47 (Narowal-II) is a Constituency of Provincial Assembly of Punjab

PP-232 Results - Election 2018 Results - - Candidates List

This post was originally published on the Vital Signs & Statistics Blog, on the UCC's Center for Analytics, Research, and Data (CARD) website on April 16, 2018 In 1935, W. E. B. Du Bois coined the expression, the psychological wage of whiteness to refer to the sense of entitlement felt by rural and working-class Whites in. Plato is the first western philosopher to theorize and put in practice through the establishment of Academy, the concept of institutionalizedpublic education system in the west. China and India. Tiwari, Jana, Das, and Roubaud (2018) also find results similar to those of Jiang et al. (2018). Lahmiri et al., 2018 , Urquhart, 2016 find evidence of nonlinear features of volatility and the long-memory property in seven volatile Bitcoin markets Books. Intimate Violence: Anti-Jewish Pogroms on the Eve of the Holocaust Cornell University Press, 2018. (Co-Authored with Jeffrey S. Kopstein). Winner of the 2019 Bronislaw Malinowski Award in the Social Sciences, given by the Polish Institute of Arts and Sciences of America. Honorable mention, 2019-2020 prize for the best English-language.

Estimated resident population, 30 June 2018. ^ Queensland Local Government Reform Commission (July 2007). Report of the Local Government Reform Commission (PDF). 2. pp. 228-233. ISBN 1-921057-11-4. Archived (PDF) from the original on 17 March 2011. Retrieved 17 September 2009. ^ 2012 North Burnett Regional Council - Mayoral Election. Rule on Amendment 8 See Kim Lane Scheppele, Autocratic Legalism, University of Chicago Law Review, LXXXV (2018), pp. 557-562. 9 Landau, note 7 above, p. 522; Scheppele, note 8 above, pp. 549-555. 10 Hul Reaksmey and Voa Khmer, Cambodian Parliament Passes Controversial Amendments to Constitution, Voice of America Cambodia (online.

Experimental results (Table 10) show that the proposed model has shown a performance improvement of 2.95% than the state of the art LSTM-CNN model. Experimental results (Table 13) show that the proposed model has shown a performance improvement of 2.95% than the state of the art LSTM-CNN model (Ajao et al. 2018). Why our results are better In a new push, U.N. Libya envoy Ghassan Salame wanted a conference in the first weeks of 2019 with potential polls by June. But momentum for that has been lost due to resistance from major. PP-228 Lodhran Detail Result 2018 (Update) Union Councils (UC) List of District Lodhran Population of Lodhran District According to Census 2017 Lodhran Punjab Assembly Seats Result 2002, 2008 & 2013 Areas of PP-228 Lodhran. Ali Assar Ali pur Asar Amree cially in the post-election United States, which has become the world of us and pp. 228-231 ©2018 National Council for the Social Studies. Setember 2018 229 you see an unpleasant word or a black clear. However, cumulative results sug-gest that a large proportion of the popula - tion has implicit biases, and even if th

PP-224 Results - Election 2018 Results - - Candidates List

Punjab Assembly Results 2018 (PP 1 To PP 297) Latest Update Today polling held on 295 seats of Punjab assembly. elections has been postponed on the two constituencies. They are PP-87 Mianwali and PP-103 Faisalabad. Now votes counting is under way. All eyes are on the results. Election commission o Nov 09, 2018 | 13:38:PM پنجاب اسمبلی کا اجلاس، حکومتی اراکین اسمبلی بولنے سے قبل کس سے پرچیاں وصول کرتے رہے؟ ایسا انکشاف کہ آپ بھی کہیں گے ' واہ رے جمہوریت Sep 11, 2018 | 18:19:PM پنجاب حکومت نے عمران خان کے سابق پولیٹیکل سیکریٹری عون چودھری کومشیرمقررکردیا Sep 11, 2018 | 17:31:P Lipari, Rachel N., and Eunice Park-Lee, Key Substance Use and Mental Health Indicators in the United States: Results from the 2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, Rockville, Md.: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, August 2019. 2019, pp. 228-234.. Required Activities Read: Ignatavicius and Workman (2018), pp. 228-288. Grodner, Escott-Stummp and Dorner (2020). pp. 328-331. Canvas: Module 3 Activities, as indicated. Recommended Activities Read the journal articles for care of the surgical patient on Canvas

NA 160 Lodhran I Election Result 2018 Lodhran Candidate Lis

PP-227 Results - Election 2018 Results - - Candidates List

AbstractMunicipal amalgamation reforms have been advocated as ways to improve efficiency, reduce costs, and enhance capacity in local government service provision. Research on the consequences of amalgamations has reached maturity in terms of theories, research designs and methods, justifying a systematic survey of results. This article provides a synthesis of the empirical literature. Economic Expectations, Voting, and Economic Decisions around Elections. Gur Huberman, Tobias Konitzer, Masha Krupenkin, David Rothschild and Shawndra Hill (pp. 597-602) Proceedings: Reports Minutes of the Annual Business Meeting: Philadelphia, PA, January 5, 2018. Peter L. Rousseau (pp. 605-07) Report of the Secretary. Peter L. Rousseau (pp. 1 PP 227 Lodhran Election Result 2018 - Punjab Assembly Halqa Area, Map and Candidates - Live Update. 1.1 Constituency / Halqa Bandi / Delimitation (Old Halqa No PP-210) 1.2 Lodhran District Population of Cities Town and Villages. 1.3 Previous Results Elections 2013, 2008, 2002. 1.4 PP-227 Lodhran Areas and Map See J.W.F. Allison, A Continental Distinction in the Common Law: A Historical and Comparative Perspective on English Public Law, Oxford University Press, 2000 at pp. 228 [69] See Thomas Poole, Judicial Review at the Margins: Law, Power and Prerogative, LSE Law, Society and Economy Working Papers 5/201

PP 226 Lodhran III Election Result 2018 Lodhran Candidate

Punjab Assembly Elections 2018 Detail Full MPA Result With

Request permissions from Publications Dept., ACM, Inc., fax +1 (212) 869-0481, or permissions@acm.org. The following applies to all SpringerLink papers listed above that have Springer Science+Business Media copyrights: The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com These mass public shootings are rare events—they constitute less than 15 percent of all mass killings in the United States and are responsible for less than 0.5 percent of all homicides (Duwe, 2020)—but they have far-reaching impacts on citizens' mental health, anxiety, and perceptions of safety (Lowe and Galea, 2017). [1 India is witnessing a new wave of agrarian protest. Grounded in a deep crisis in the country's agricultural sector, these protests express a deep sense of disappointment in the economic policies of the Modi regime. This article discusses how the new agrarian struggle should be understood as a symptom of the disintegration of the Modi regime's project of authoritarian populism Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence > Year 2018 > April 2018 Decisions > G.R. Nos. 192595-96, April 11, 2018 - NATIONAL ELECTRIFICATION ADMINISTRATION (NEA), Petitioner, v. MAGUINDANAO ELECTRIC COOPERATIVE, INC., REPRESENTED BY MAGUINDANAO ELECTRIC COOPERATIVE-PALMA AREA (MAGELCO-PALMA), REPRESENTED BY ATTY Chakunda Vincent and Ogochukwu Nzewi. 2018. Intergovernmental relations in federal and unitary nations: A framework for analysis, International Affairs and Global Strategy, Vol.60. Phillimore, John. 2013. Understanding Intergovernmental Relations: Key Features and Trends, Australian Journal of Public Administration. 72 (3): pp. 228-238 Thari women set example for all in 2018 elections [14-Aug-2018] collected from the District Returning Officer (DRO) in Mithi and the official website of Election Commission of Pakistan revealed that two constituencies of Sindh's underdeveloped Thar district, NA-221 and NA-222, emerged as those with the highest voter turnout ratios across Pakistan